Remote Sensing & GIS for Environmental Monitoring


First and Last Name Academic degree E-mail Affiliation
Nadiia Lazorenko Ph.D. nadiialg [at] Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture
Kyiv, Ukraine
Yurii Karpinskyi Sc.D. karp [at] Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture
Kyiv, Ukraine
Danylo Kin No kondanil24 [at] Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture
Kyiv, Ukraine

I and my co-authors (if any) authorize the use of the Paper in accordance with the Creative Commons CC BY license

First published on this website: 14.08.2022 - 15:46

The process of digitalization of the state, including the development of the national spatial data infrastructure, promotes new requirements for the creation of intelligent core reference data based on international and harmonized national standards and specifications. The main result is digital topographic maps in topographic-geodetic and cartographic production in the cartographic paradigm, that do not take into account the use of new associated features, the rules of the digital description of topographic features, and the rules of topological relationships between map features. Digital topographic maps have a unified content following the Classifier of the information displayed on topographic maps of scales 1:10 000 – 1:1 000 000. This Classifier was developed according to the rule: a feature has its own symbol and topographic code. Geoinformation technologies allow creating of complex features. Therefore, the goal of the research is to formulate the rules for creating complex (associated) geospatial features to ensure the intellectual level of topographic databases, which are the main product of the geoinformation paradigm. The article presents the concept of a complex (associated) feature based on the national standard DSTU ISO 19107:2017 Geographic information. Spatial schema (ISO 19107:2003, IDT). There are four types of collections of terrain objects that are considered in detail: geometric aggregates, geometric complexes, geometric composites, and global geometric complexes. Examples of features displayed on digital topographic maps were given for these types. The established rules for creating associated geospatial features must be taken into account during the development of the specifications of geoinformation products to ensure further compatibility and integration of core reference and thematic geospatial data in the NSDI.


Cao, Y., Huang, Y., Chen, J., & Sheng, Y. (2018). Geographic process modeling based on geographic ontology. Open Geosciences10(1), 782-796.

Clementini, E., & Ippoliti, E. (2013). Automatic extraction of complex objects from land cover maps. In Geographic Information Science at the Heart of Europe (pp. 75-93). Springer, Cham.

DSTU ISO 19107:2017 Geographic information. Spatial schema (ISO 19107:2003, IDT).

Karpinskyi, Y., & Drozdivskyi O. (2005). Main principle of construction of base model of a road system in international standard GDF 4.0. Collection of scientific papers “Modern achievements of geodesic science and industry”, 302-306. (In Ukrainian).

Karpinskyi, Y., Lyashchenko, А., & Runec R. (2010a). Reference model of the topographic database. Visnik of Geodesy and Cartography, 2, 28-36. (In Ukrainian).

Karpinskyi, Y., Lyashchenko, А., & Runec R. (2010b). Unification of structure, encoding rules and digital description of vector models in topographic databases. Visnik of Geodesy and Cartography, 5, 35-41. (In Ukrainian).

Lazorenko-Hevel, N., Karpinskyi, Y., & Kin, D. (2021). Some peculiarities of creation (updating) of digital topographic maps for the seamless topographic database of the main state topographic map in Ukraine. Geoingegneria Ambientale e Mineraria, 162(1), 19-24. doi:10.19199/2021.1.1121-9041.019

Lazorenko-Hevel, N., Kin, D., & Karpinskyi, Y. (2020). Some aspects of the edge matching method of digital topographic maps in the scale of 1: 50 000 for creation the main state topographic map. In International Conference of Young Professionals «GeoTerrace-2020» (Vol. 2020, No. 1, pp. 1-5). European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers. doi:10.3997/2214-4609.20205758

Lyashchenko, А., & Runec R. (2008). An ontological approach to creating a catalog of topographic data base. Engineering geodesy, 54, 116-123. (In Ukrainian).

Pantazis, D. N., Lazarou, E., Stratakis, P., Gadolou, H., Koukofikis, A., & Kassoli, M. (2011). Geographic objects: Theory or technology driven?. ISPRS-International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences3821, 103-108.

Stefanakis, E. (2003). Representation of generalized map series using semi-structured data models. Cartography and Geographic Information Science30(1), 51-68.

Steiniger, S., & Weibel, R. (2007). Relations among map objects in cartographic generalization. Cartography and Geographic Information Science34(3), 175-197.

Weibel, R., & Dutton, G. (1999). Generalising spatial data and dealing with multiple representations. Geographical information systems1, 125-155.

Varanka, D. E. (2011). Ontology patterns for complex topographic feature types. Cartography and Geographic Information Science38(2), 126-136.