Calligraphy as an art in Islamic architecture and its significance today
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Art moves human beings and satisfies their emotional dimensions. Artistic emotional response inspires a man to shed light on the wisdom of human existence as well as facial appearance of the universe. Religion and art have a very close correlation. Every religion, after spreading spread with them their culture, values, principles etc. in the form of art and architecture. Islamic Art is the art based on Islamic religion. It is mainly a combination of different civilizations and historical circumstances. Many civilisations like Turks, Persians, Arabs, combined their knowledge and techniques to form Islamic art. In the Islamic world, calligraphy has been used to a much greater extent and in astonishingly varied and imaginative ways, which have taken it far beyond pen and paper into all art forms and materials. For these reasons, calligraphy may be counted as a uniquely original feature of Islamic art. The aim of this paper is to understand the use of Arabic calligraphy in Islamic buildings in past taking examples of monuments in New Delhi, India and comparing them with the modern buildings. This will help in forming strategies and techniques to implement the calligraphic art in architecture today.
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