Metal forms in bottom sediments as a bioavailability indicator

Ecology and sustainable development. Environmental protection
Proceedings of the 2nd International Scientific Conference «Chemical Technology and Engineering»: June 24–28, 2019, Lviv: Lviv Polytechnic National University, 2018, pp. 401–411


First and Last Name Academic degree E-mail Affiliation
Malgorzata Wojtkowska Sc.D. malgorzata.wojtkowska [at] Warsaw University of Technology
Warsaw, Poland

I and my co-authors (if any) authorize the use of the Paper in accordance with the Creative Commons CC BY license

First publshed on this website: 06.06.2019 - 09:44

This study assessed the risk of water biocenosis caused by the potentially bioavailable metal forms. In a simple extraction process, the efficiency of metals eluting from the sediments was highest for EDTA solution . Sequential extraction has confirmed the diverse bioavailability of metals in the aquatic environment.


[1] A.S. Jumbe, N. Nandini, “Heavy metals analysis and sediment quality values in urban lakes”, American Journal of Environmental Sciences, volume 5, issue 6, pp. 678-687, 2009.

[2] H. Akcay, A. Oguz, C. Karapire, “Study of heavy metal pollution and speciation in Buyak Menderes and Gediz river sediments”, Water Research, vol 37, pp. 813-822, 2003.

[3] J. E. Fergusson, The heavy elements: chemistry, environmental impact, and health effects, New Zealand, Pergamon Press, 1991.

[4] A. Karczewska, “Evaluation of the importance of iron and manganese oxides in the sorption of heavy metals in polluted soils, in light of sequential extraction”, Annals PZH, vol. 55,  pp. 119-127, 2004.

[5] M. Wojtkowska, “Migration and Forms of Metal in Bottom Sediments of Czerniakowskie Lake”, The Bul of Environ Contam and Tox, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 165–169, 2013.

[6] C. Sudesh, B. K. Deepak, K. Naresh, Y. Sudesh, “Assessment of bioavailable metals in the sediments of Yamuna flood plain using two different single extraction procedures”, Sust Environ Res, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 28–32, 2016.

[7] A. Ibragimow, G. Głosińska, M. Siepak, B. Walna, “Initial investigations of heavy metal pollution of sediments in flood plains”, Wor and Geogl Stud, vol. 44, pp. 233–247, 2010.

[8] N. Finzgar, D. Lestan, “Multi-step leaching of Pb and Zn contaminated soils with EDTA”, Chemosphere, vol. 660, pp. 824-832, 2007.  

[9] A.M. Ure, P. Quevauviller, H. Mantau, B.Griepink, “Speciation of heavy metals in soils and sediments. An account of the improvement and harmonization of extraction techniques undertaken under the auspices of the BRC of the Commission of the 63 European Communities”, Int. J of Environ Anal Chem, vol. 51, pp. 135–151, 1993.

[10] A.Tessier, P.G.C.Campbell, M. Bisson, “Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals”, Anall Chem, vol. 51, no.7, pp.44–351, 1979.

[11] M.Wojtkowska, “Content of selected heavy metals in water and riverbed sediments of the Utrata river”, Environ Prot Eng, vol.3, no. 37, pp. 55-62, 2011.

[12] M. Wojtkowska, J. Bogacki, A. Witeska, “Assessment of the hazard posed by metal forms in water and sediments”, Sci of the Total Environt, vol. 551-552, pp. 387-392, 2016.

[13] D.M. Dong, H.L. Li, Y. Li, C.S. Fang, X.H. Li, C.Y. Xu, “Distribution of heavy metals in the sediments from the Yitong River: Changchun Section”, Res of Soil and Water Cons, vol. 11,  no.1 136 95–96, 2004.

[14] K. Fytianos and A. Lourantou, "Speciation of elements in sediment samples collected at lakes Volvi and Koronia, N. Greece", Environment International, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 11-17, 2004. Available: 10.1016/s0160-4120(03)00143-0 [Accessed 5 June 2019].0 

[15] D. RELIC, D. DORDEVIC, A. POPOVIC and T. BLAGOJEVIC, "Speciations of trace metals in the Danube alluvial sediments within an oil refinery", Environment International, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 661-669, 2005. Available: 10.1016/j.envint.2004.11.003..

[16] S.P. Feng, L.Liang, Y. Zhu, X.D. Zou, X.D. Zhang, “Speciation analysis of the river sediment (II)–Tessier sequential chemical extraction procedures”, J Shand Univ, vol. 39,  no. 6, no. 107, pp. 101–104, 2004.

[17] K. Fytianos and A. Lourantou, "Speciation of elements in sediment samples collected at lakes Volvi and Koronia, N. Greece", Environment International, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 11-17, 2004. Available: 10.1016/s0160-4120(03)00143-0..

[18] J.M. Alvarez, L.M. Lopez-Valdivia, J.Novillo, A. Obrador, M.I. Rico, “Comparison of EDTA and sequential extraction tests for phytoavailability prediction of manganese and zinc in agricultural alkaline soils”, Geoderma, vol. 132,  pp. 450–463, 2006.

[19] L. Samsoe-Petersen, E.H.Larsen, P.B. Larsen, P. Brun, “Uptake of trace elements and PAHS by fruit and vegetable from contaminated soils”, Environ Scie & Techn, vol. 36, pp. 3057-3063, 2002.

[20] J.L. Trujillo-Cárdenas, N.P. Saucedo-Torres, P.F. Zárate del Valle, N.R. Donato, E. Mendizábal, S. Gómez-Salazarb, “Speciation and Sources of Toxic Metals in Sediments of Lake Chapala”, J. Mexico Chem Soci, vol.54, no. 2, pp.79-87, 2010.

[21] J. Lu, Z. Huang and X. Han, "Water and heat transport in hilly red soil of southern China: I. Experiment and analysis", Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 331-337, 2005. Available: 10.1631/jzus.2005.b0331 [Accessed 5 June 2019]..

[22] A. Romero, I. Gonzalez and E. Galan, "THE ROLE OF EFFLORESCENT SULFATES IN THE STORAGE OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN STREAM WATERS POLLUTED BY ACID MINE-DRAINAGE: THE CASE OF PENA DEL HIERRO, SOUTHWESTERN SPAIN", The Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1431-1446, 2006. Available: 10.2113/gscanmin.44.6.1431.

[23] A. Rosińska, L. Dąbrowska, “PCBs and heavy metals in bottom sediments of the dam reservoir in Poraj.”,  Ing. and Och. Env., vol.4, no.11, pp. 455–469, 2008.

[24] M. Luo, J. Li, W. Cao, M. Wang, “Study of heavy metal speciation in branch sediments of Poyang Lake”, J. of Env Scie, vol. 20, pp. 161–166, 2008.

[25] K. Loska, D. Wiechuła, G.Pęciak, “The use of speciation analysis in the study of metal bioavailability in the bottom sediment of Rybnik Reservoir”, Ecol Problems, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 69–74, 2003.

[26] L. Dąbrowska, “Specialization of heavy metals in bottom sediments of the Kozłowa Góra reservoir”, Environ Prot and Nat Res, vol. 49, pp. 354 – 364, 2011.

[27] S. Yang, J. Zhang and X. Xu, "Influence of the Three Gorges Dam on downstream delivery of sediment and its environmental implications, Yangtze River", Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 34, no. 10, 2007. Available: 10.1029/2007gl029472 [Accessed 5 June 2019]..

[28] G. Billon, B. Ouddane, P. Recourt and A. Boughriet, "Depth Variability and some Geochemical Characteristics of Fe, Mn, Ca, Mg, Sr, S, P, Cd and Zn in Anoxic Sediments from Authie Bay (Northern France)", Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 167-181, 2002. Available: 10.1006/ecss.2001.0894 [Accessed 5 June 2019]..

[29] C. Ianni, E. Magi, P. Rivaro and N. Ruggieri, "Trace metals in Adriatic coastal sediments: Distribution and speciation pattern", Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, vol. 78, no. 1-2, pp. 73-92, 2000. Available: 10.1080/02772240009358961 [Accessed 5 June 2019].

[30] A. Turki, "Metal Speciation (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) in Sediments from Al Shabab Lagoon, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia", Journal of King Abdulaziz University-Marine Sciences, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 191-210, 2007. Available: 10.4197/mar.18-1.11.

[31] K.P. Singh, D.Mohan, V.K. Singh, A. Malik, “Studies on Distribution and Fractionation of Heavy Metals in Gomi River Sediments—A Tributary of Ganges”, Ind. J. Hyd., vol. 312, pp. 14-27, 2005.

[32] A. Turner, S.M. Le Roux, G.E. Millward, “Adsorption of cadmium to iron and manganese oxides during estuarine mixing”, Mar. Chem., vol. 108, pp. 77–84, 2008.

[33] R.A. Root, S. Dixit, K.M. Campbell, A.D. Jew, J.G.Hering, P.A. O’Day, “Arsenic sequestration by sorption processes in high-iron sediments”, Geochem. et Cosm. Act., vol. 71, pp. 5782–5803, 2007.

[34] S. Wang, Y. Jia, S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Wang, Z. Zhao, B. Liu, “Fractionation of heavy metals in shallow marine sediments from Jinzhou Bay”, China, J. Env. Sci., vol. 22,  no. 1, pp. 23–31, 2010.

[35] J.M. Besser, W.G. Brumbaugh, T.W. May, C.G. ngersoll, (2003) Effects of organic amendments on the toxicity and bioavailability of cadmium and copper in spiked formulated sediments, Environ Tox and Chem. 22 805–815.

[36] Z. Yao, P. Gao., “Heavy metal research in lacustrine sediment: a review”. Chin J. of Ocean and Limn , vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 444-454, 2007.

[37] Z. Yao, "Comparison between BCR sequential extraction and geo-accumulation method to evaluate metal mobility in sediments of Dongting Lake, Central China", Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 14-22, 2008. Available: 10.1007/s00343-008-0014-7 [Accessed 5 June 2019].

[38] E. Bleeker and C. van Gestel, "Effects of spatial and temporal variation in metal availability on earthworms in floodplain soils of the river Dommel, The Netherlands", Environmental Pollution, vol. 148, no. 3, pp. 824-832, 2007. Available: 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.01.034 [Accessed 5 June 2019].

[39] A.M. Schipper, S.Wijnhoven, R.S.E.W. Leuven, A.M.J. Ragas, A.J. Hendriks, “Spetial distribution and internal metal contrations of terrestrial arthropods in a moderately contaminated lowland floodplain along the Rhine River”, Env. Pol., vol. 151, pp. 17-26, 2008.

[40] C.A.M., Van Gestel “Physico-chemical and biological parameters determine metal bioavaiability in soils.”, Sci. Tot. Env., vol. 406, pp. 385–395, 2008.

[41] J.Gąsior, J.Paśko, “Effect of flood on the content of soluble forms of elements on the background of soil diversity”, Probl J of Agric Prog, vol. 520, pp. 39–46, 2007.

Official paper