When solving engineering and geodetic problems, it is necessary to determine the position of the device in space, as well as to find the height of the object relative to the established mark. The construction of buildings or engineering structures requires constant monitoring of the mounting horizon position. Such problems are mostly solved by transferring the mark to the mounting horizon by geometric leveling. Such measurements are often associated with problems with meter location. The method of trigonometric leveling is burdened by errors in measuring vertical angles which are significantly affected by vertical refraction. One way to solve this problem is to apply linear measurements to points of mutually perpendicular bases. The accuracy of linear measurements by modern electronic tachometers is quite high.
DBN V.1.3-2:2010. Systema zabezpechennia tochnosti heometrychnykh parametriv u budivnytstvi.
Heodezychni roboty u budivnytstvi – Chynnyi vid – 01.09.2010. – Kyiv: Minrehionbud Ukrainy,
2010. – P. 49.
Vivat, A., Tserklevych, A., & Smirnova, O. (2018). A study of devices used for geometric parameter
measurement of engineering building construction. Geodesy, cartography and aerial
photography, (87), 21-29.
Lienhart, W. (2017). Geotechnical monitoring using total stations and laser scanners: critical aspects and solutions. Journal of civil structural health monitoring, 7(3), 315-324. doi: 10.1007/s13349-017-0228-5
Leica FlexLine TS02/TS06/TS09 User Manual :https://surveyequipment.com/PDFs/Leica_FlexLine_
Litynskyi. V., Litynskyi, S., Vivat, A., Fys, M., & Brydun, A. (2019). The accuracy investigation of
point coordinates’ determination using a fixed basis for high-precision geodesy binding. Reports
on Geodesy and Geoinformatics, 107(1), 19-23.