Transesterification of vegetable oil by ethanol in the presence of heterogeneous catalysts
I and my co-authors (if any) authorize the use of the Paper in accordance with the Creative Commons CC BY license
Transesterification of vegetable oil by ethanol in the presence of heterogeneous catalysts has been investigated. Zinc and nickel(II) oxides and cation exchange resin CU-2-8 with immobilized Sn2+ and Zn2+ ions were shown to have the highest catalytic activity among an investigated catalysts. The optimal concentration of catalysts and optimal molar ratio triglycerides : alcohol have been established.
- Van Gerpen, J. (2005). Biodiesel processing and production. Fuel Process. Technol., 86 1097–1107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2004.11.005.
- Leung, D. Y., Wu, X., Leung, H. M. (2010). A review on biodiesel production using catalyzed transesteriﬁcation. Appl. Energ., 87, 1083–1095. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.10.006.
- Shibasaki-Kitakawa, N., Honda, H., Kuri-bayashi, H., Toda, T., Fukumura, T. & Yonemoto, T. (2007). Biodiesel production using anionic ion-exchange resin as heterogeneous catalyst. Bioresource Technology, 98(2), 416–421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.12.010.
- Yan, S., DiMaggio, C., Mohan, S., Kim, M., & Salley, S. O. (2010). Advancements in heterogeneous catalysis for biodiesel synthesis. Topics Catal., 53(11–12), 721–736. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-010-9460-5.
- Melnyk, Yu., Starchevskyi, R., & Melnyk, S. (2019) Transesterification of triglycerides by ethanol in the presence of metal oxides. Bulletin of NTU “KhPI”. Series: New solutions in modern technologies, 5(1330), 132–138. https://doi.org/10.20998/2413-4295.2019.05.17.
- Biocyclopedia.com. Methodology for Lipids. Retrieved February 13, 2021, from http://www.biocyclopedia.com/index/plant_protocols/lipids/Estimation_of_...